Health Blog

Introduction to Minerals

Aside from vitamins, minerals are also micronutrients that are important for your body growth and to maintain your healthiness. Your body takes in minerals better through direct food intakes rather than in the form of supplements. Nearly all people do not demonstrate any symptoms of minerals inadequacy. However, this does not indicate your body are adequate of nutrients or minerals intakes. Your body needs different quantities of intake of each mineral as different mineral carry out different role. Physiological status, gender and age will affect the requirement of an individual for minerals intake. Excessive intake of minerals will lead to toxicity in your body. There are two common categories of minerals: macrominerals and trace minerals.

Macrominerals

Macrominerals are minerals that require a high amount of intakes (from 100 mg to one gram) than other minerals. Magnesium, potassium, calcium, chloride, sodium and phosphorus are classified as macrominerals. Macrominerals like calcium are important for maintaining the strength of bone and development of bone.

Trace Minerals

Trace minerals are other minerals that your body needed in lesser amounts. Even though your body needs smaller quantities of trace minerals, trace minerals still play a crucial role in maintaining your body’s health. Copper, fluoride, iodine, selenium and zinc are categorized under trace minerals.

Reference: Nutrition in the News Facts behind the headlines Previous Facts behind the headlines BNF Consultation responses New reports Previous reports Diet, n., Diet, n., Ba, N., Nutrition Science Webinars Nutrients, s., Nutrients, F., Healthy, s. and events, C. (2019). Minerals and trace elements – British Nutrition Foundation – Page #1. [online] Nutrition.org.uk. Available at: https://www.nutrition.org.uk/nutritionscience/nutrients-food-and-ingredients/minerals-and-trace-elements.html?limit=1&start=1 [Accessed 16 Aug. 2019].

What are Vitamins?

Vitamins are micronutrients that are needed for your body to function correctly, thus your body can manage normal growth and maintenance of its metabolism. Your body requires 13 types of vitamins which your body cannot produce it, so your body can only gain these vitamins through fruits, vegetables and various foodstuffs. There are two different groups of Vitamins: water-soluble and fat-soluble.

Fat-soluble Vitamins

Fat-soluble vitamins will break down by lipid or fat and take in by blood to your intestinal tract. An excessive amount of fat-soluble vitamins will be kept in your liver and fatty tissues for further usage when your body requires. Fat-soluble vitamins are able to remain in your body from several days up to several months. Therefore, your body does not require a daily intake of these vitamins or else it will lead to toxicity. Example of fat-soluble vitamins are Vitamins A, D, E and K.

Water-soluble Vitamins

Unlike fat-soluble vitamins, water-soluble vitamins will not be able to keep in your body as these vitamins all dissolve in water and dispose of out of your body through urine. Hence, your body require daily intake of these vitamins. Example of water-soluble vitamins are B-complex Vitamins (vitamin B2, B3, B6, B12, folate, biotin and pantothenic acid) and vitamin C.

Stay tuned for more update for your vitamins blog-tablet!

Reference:
Extension. (2019). Fat-Soluble Vitamins: A, D, E, and K – 9.315 – Extension. [online] Available at: https://extension.colostate.edu/topic-areas/nutrition-food-safety-health/fat-soluble-vitamins-a-d-e-and-k-9-315/ [Accessed 8 Aug. 2019].
Extension. (2019). Water-Soluble Vitamins: B-Complex and Vitamin C – 9.312 – Extension. [online] Available at: https://extension.colostate.edu/topic-areas/nutrition-food-safety-health/water-soluble-vitamins-b-complex-and-vitamin-c-9-312/ [Accessed 8 Aug. 2019].

Happy Watermelon Day! 3 August 2019

Happy Watermelon Day! Who doesn’t love watermelon? Especially with the hot weather in Singapore, there are many different ways to enjoy this lovely fruit and watermelon definitely helps in refreshing and cooling down our body with juicy sensations. August 3 is the National Watermelon Day in the States, unquestionably this beauty deserves a celebration for its own, yay?

Watermelons: Interesting facts about this beauty
  • 92% of Watermelon is made up of water.

  • Watermelons were used as drinking bottles by the early adventurer.

  • In 1615, “watermelon” word was added in the English dictionary for its first entrance.

  • From planting to harvesting, watermelon needs around 80-90 days to mature.

  • Do you know that the heaviest watermelon in the world weighed 159 kg? It was grown at Sevierville in 2013 by Chris Kent.

  • In the South and North of the United States, there are over 300 types of watermelon being grown. Yellow, seeded, mini and seedless types of watermelon are grown most frequently.

Why do the Americas celebrate Watermelon Day?

The Cancer fighter: Watermelon provides Lycopene & Carotenoid which are known as antioxidants that helps in lower the risk of certain types of cancer.

Very flexible fruit: From flesh to seeds, every part of watermelon are safe to eat. You can enjoy the fruit in any ways with your own preference, for examples: juices, smoothie or ice-cream. Thus, this makes watermelon as a wonderful celebration item. Pickled and fried watermelon flesh is very common in numerous parts around the globe. In a few parts of China, they dry and roast watermelon seeds which make it edible just like nuts.

Excellent summer food: As has been mentioned above, 92% of watermelon is water. Which in a way, eating watermelon will helps your body to keep hydrated during dry season weather.

Enjoy it guiltless! : Watermelon is a mixture of fibre and water which contribute low calories. So, let’s celebrate Watermelon Day on 3 August by having it unlimited volumes without any guilt! Remember to invite your friends including those that are on a diet to have fun together by enjoying watermelon in lots of different ways.

Reference: Day Finders. (2019). Is today National Watermelon Day?. [online] Available at: https://dayfinders.com/watermelon-day/ [Accessed 2 Aug. 2019].

Sliced Fish Noodle Soup

Treat yourself with this nourishing dish that combines succulent fish in sweet rice vermicelli soup!

Serves 4

INGREDIENTS

•200 g brown rice bee hoon, soaked and drained

• 200 g toman fillet, sliced and blanched

• 2 tomatoes, cut into wedges

• 5 g ginger, sliced

• 2 spring onions, sliced

• 5 tsp concentrated chicken stock

• 6 tbsp low-fat evaporated milk

• 1 tsp sesame oil

• 1 tbsp corn oil

• 1-litre hot water

• Salt and pepper to taste

PREPARATION

1. Heat corn oil in a wok.

2. Stir-fry sliced ginger till fragrant.

3. Pour in hot water.

4. Add in concentrated chicken stock and boil for 2 minutes.

5. Add bee hoon, toman fillet slices, tomato wedges, spring onion, sesame oil and low-fat evaporated milk. Cook for 2 minutes.

6. Add salt and pepper to taste before serving.

Happy Cherry Day – 16 July 2019

Do you know?

National Cherry Day was established as a day to raise awareness of Britain’s cherries. During the 20th century, Britain lost the majority of its cherry orchards in war.

Nutritional Value of Cherry

Cherries have low caloric content and are a nutrient-dense food – vitamin C, potassium, fibre and polyphenols. Cherries have anti-oxidant and anti-inflammatory properties, which reduces the risk of the development and progression of common chronic inflammatory diseases.

Reference: Kelley, D., Adkins, Y. and Laugero, K. (2018). A Review of the Health Benefits of Cherries. Nutrients, 10(3), p.368.

Baked Lemon Herb Salmon

Here’s a simple and tasty salmon recipe which takes only 30 minutes to cook!

Ingredients
    • 4 salmon fillets

    • Diced broccoli and carrots

    • 2 lemons

    • 2 tablespoon of unsalted butter

    • 2 tablespoon of rosemary leaves

    • 2 tablespoon of parsley

    • 1 tablespoon of minced garlic

  • Ground black pepper and salt to taste

Preparation
    1. Preheat oven to 180°C. Line an aluminium foil and brush it thinly with melted unsalted butter.

    1. Arrange salmon and diced broccoli, carrots on top of the aluminium foil and brush melted butter on top of each salmon, broccoli and carrot.

    1. In a small bowl, mix minced garlic, rosemary, parsley, juice of 1 lemon, a pinch of salt and pepper together with a spoon.

    1. Spread mixture onto each fillet and place sliced lemons on top of each salmon fillet.

    1. Optional: Sprinkle salt and pepper over salmon, broccoli and carrot for taste.

  1. Bake salmon for 15 minutes or the salmon is cooked. Serve.

Happy Fruits Day! 28 June

International Fruit Day started with an aim to share fruits in sympathy and joy with family, friends or needy people all around the world regardless of culture, nation, mentality, region and way of life.

Fruits are universally promoted as healthy because of their health-promoting properties. Fruits are good sources of dietary fibre, vitamins, minerals and phytochemicals, especially antioxidants.

Intake of sufficient fruits could reduce the risk of many chronic diseases such as cardiovascular diseases, cancers and stroke. For example, in fruits, especially berries, was associated with decreased risk of developing type 2 diabetes.

CAN Station @ NYP

Healthy messaging is one of the key strategies to encourage healthy eating.

Food Canopy’s CAN Station at North Canteen is to help create awareness, to encourage students and employees of Nanyang Polytechnic (NYP) to make healthier food choices.

Head over to NYP North Canteen now to find out your Body Mass Index (BMI) and have a good reading on the health information displayed, as well as nutritional facts of healthier foods that are offered in the canteen!

Apple

Does an apple a day really keep the doctor away?

Evidence has shown that apple does not keep the doctor away; however, adults from the United States appear to use fewer prescription medications based on research conducted by Davis and colleagues in 2015.

Health Benefits
  • Good source of fibre

  • High in Vitamin C

  • Contain antioxidants

  • Lowers cholesterol levels

Debunking Myth of Fat

Are all fats bad for health?

There are 4 types of dietary fat, and each type of fat have different effects on health.

Based on a journal article by Skerrett and Willett, 2012, ‘dietary fat per se is not associated with risk of chronic diseases’; diet consisting 40% calories from fat can be healthy if they are low in trans fat and saturated fat, and high in polyunsaturated and monounsaturated fat. To date, the specific proportion of optimal dietary fat intake is still unknown.

Consume walnuts and fatty fishes like salmon for omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids that may aid in the management of inflammatory and autoimmune diseases.