Plant Protein VS Animal Protein

02
Jul
2020
Photo credit: TIMESOFINDIA.COM

Your body is made up of around 20% of protein and protein do not store inside your body. Thus, sufficient daily intake of protein is important to maintain good health. Protein can be obtained from both plant and animal sources. So, for people who are having a vegetarian diet can they get enough protein from only plant sources? What are the pros and cons of plant and animal protein?

Amount and type of amino acid

Protein will be digested into amino acids inside your body. Different type of proteins is build up by different types of amino acids. Animal proteins have a good balance of all types and amount of amino acid that is essential to your body while plant proteins have a low amount of certain essential amino acids.

Nutrients in plant and animal proteins

Protein from animal sources consists of higher amounts of some nutrients (eg. vitamin B12 & D, zinc, iron and omega-3) which are absent in plant-based foods. While on the other hand, plant-based foods consist of antioxidants and nutrients which cannot be found in animal sources.

Risk of diseases from plant and animal proteins

Red meat intake is linked to a higher risk of stroke and heart diseases, especially processed red meat where plant proteins do not link to any risk of disease to the human body.

Health benefits from plant and animal Proteins

Diet rich in plant proteins is linked to a reduced risk of obesity, heart diseases and diabetes. Some animal-based protein (eg. fish, egg and poultry) diet are linked to lower risk of heart diseases, gain in muscle mass, helps in weight loss and maintain healthy cholesterol levels.

Well-balanced of plant and animal proteins are important to maintain optimal health. While for vegans and vegetarians, a well-balanced diet with a mix of all variety of foods is a must to make sure that they get sufficient proteins.

Healthline. 2020. Animal Vs Plant Protein – What’s The Difference?. [online] Available at: https://www.healthline.com/nutrition/animal-vs-plant-protein#section5