Irritable Bowel Syndrome

What is it? Irritable Bowel Syndrome is a health condition whereby one will experience abdominal discomfort and altered bowel movements. What is the cause? The cause is unclear but common trigger factors include: Diet Stress Family history On certain medications such as pain killer and antibiotics What are the symptoms? Stomach cramp Bloating Diarrhoea Constipation …

Gout

What is it? Gout is a form of inflammatory arthritis. What is the cause? Gout is caused by the condition hyperuricemia, whereby there is too much uric acid accumulated in the body. The body will produce uric acid after breaking down purines found in the body and the food we eat. When there is too …

Hand Foot Mouth Disease

What is it? Hand, foot and mouth disease (HFMD) is a contagious infection which is caused by viruses from the Enterovirus genus. How is it transmitted? The viruses will spread from person to person through direct contact via unwashed hands or surfaces contaminated with faeces. It is also transmitted through saliva or respiratory secretions. What are the …

Bunion

What is it? A bunion is a bony bump that forms on the joint at the base of the big toe. It occurs when the bones in the front part of the foot move out of place. This causes the tip of the big toe to get pulled toward the smaller toes and forces the …

Tennis Elbow

What is it? Tennis elbow is an injury that occurs when tendons, the tissues that attach muscles to bones become overloaded. This will lead to inflammation, degeneration and potential tearing of the tendons. What causes it? Tennis Elbow, medically known as lateral epicondylitis is due to repeated contraction of the forearm muscles that one will …

Asthma

Did you know? 5% of adults and 20% of children in Singapore have asthma. What is it? Asthma is a respiratory disease that is caused by long-term airway inflammation. This will result in breathing difficulties and make participating in physical activities a challenge. What causes it? The cause for asthma is unknown but one should …

Mooncakes

The Mid-Autumn Festival is just around the corner and most Chinese families will be buying mooncakes to celebrate the festival. What is inside the mooncake? There are a wide variety of mooncakes but the Cantonese version, is arguably the most commonly eaten. The round shaped mooncake consists of a tender pastry skin enveloping a sweet …

Athlete’s Foot

Did you know? One in every five adults will get athlete’s foot in their lives. What is it? Athlete’s foot, also known as tinea pedis, is a fungal skin infection that begins in between the toes and will spread to the rest of the foot. What causes it? It is caused by the dermatophyte fungus. …

Preparing for Presbyopia

What is it? Presbyopia is a condition in which the eye loses the ability to focus quickly on nearby objects. It is part of the aging process. What causes it? The cornea and lens in the eye will focus on the light reflected from objects in order to form an image. Presbyopia will cause the …

Controlling Eczema

What is it? Eczema is an inflammatory skin condition that causes skin infection. What causes it? The skin barrier is exposed to external irritants, causing body immune system to overreact and lead to flareup. Types of external irritants chemicals found in cleansers and detergents scented products external allergens such as pollens, mould, dust, or dust …