Hyphaema

What is it? Hyphaema is a medical condition whereby there is blood in the front part of the eye, between the cornea and the iris. What are the causes? blunt trauma to the eye injury to the eye caused by a squash ball or champagne cork a punch to the eye eye surgery (occasionally) What …

Pneumonia

What is it? Pneumonia is a health condition whereby there is bacterial or viral infection in the lungs. The air sacs in one or both lungs is filled with fluid or pus. This leads to coughing with phlegm, fever, chills and difficulty in breathing.  How do you get pneumonia? Bacteria, viruses will spread from person-to-person …

Shingles

What is it? Shingles is a viral infection characterised by painful rash on the skin.   How do you get it? Shingles is an outbreak of a previous chickenpox infection. The varicella zoster virus will stay in the nerve cells for years and will come back as shingles once it is active again. Shingles is …

Sinus Infection

What is it? Sinus infection, also known as sinusitis is a condition whereby the nasal cavities become infected, swollen and inflamed. What is the cause? Sinus infection is usually caused by virus infecting the upper respiratory tract. In some rare cases, it could be caused by bacteria or fungus as well. Other health conditions such …