Hyphaema

What is it? Hyphaema is a medical condition whereby there is blood in the front part of the eye, between the cornea and the iris. What are the causes? blunt trauma to the eye injury to the eye caused by a squash ball or champagne cork a punch to the eye eye surgery (occasionally) What …

Pneumonia

What is it? Pneumonia is a health condition whereby there is bacterial or viral infection in the lungs. The air sacs in one or both lungs is filled with fluid or pus. This leads to coughing with phlegm, fever, chills and difficulty in breathing.  How do you get pneumonia? Bacteria, viruses will spread from person-to-person …

Shingles

What is it? Shingles is a viral infection characterised by painful rash on the skin.   How do you get it? Shingles is an outbreak of a previous chickenpox infection. The varicella zoster virus will stay in the nerve cells for years and will come back as shingles once it is active again. Shingles is …

Sinus Infection

What is it? Sinus infection, also known as sinusitis is a condition whereby the nasal cavities become infected, swollen and inflamed. What is the cause? Sinus infection is usually caused by virus infecting the upper respiratory tract. In some rare cases, it could be caused by bacteria or fungus as well. Other health conditions such …

Irritable Bowel Syndrome

What is it? Irritable Bowel Syndrome is a health condition whereby one will experience abdominal discomfort and altered bowel movements. What is the cause? The cause is unclear but common trigger factors include: Diet Stress Family history On certain medications such as pain killer and antibiotics What are the symptoms? Stomach cramp Bloating Diarrhoea Constipation …

Gout

What is it? Gout is a form of inflammatory arthritis. What is the cause? Gout is caused by the condition hyperuricemia, whereby there is too much uric acid accumulated in the body. The body will produce uric acid after breaking down purines found in the body and the food we eat. When there is too …

Hand Foot Mouth Disease

What is it? Hand, foot and mouth disease (HFMD) is a contagious infection which is caused by viruses from the Enterovirus genus. How is it transmitted? The viruses will spread from person to person through direct contact via unwashed hands or surfaces contaminated with faeces. It is also transmitted through saliva or respiratory secretions. What are the …

Bunion

What is it? A bunion is a bony bump that forms on the joint at the base of the big toe. It occurs when the bones in the front part of the foot move out of place. This causes the tip of the big toe to get pulled toward the smaller toes and forces the …

Tennis Elbow

What is it? Tennis elbow is an injury that occurs when tendons, the tissues that attach muscles to bones become overloaded. This will lead to inflammation, degeneration and potential tearing of the tendons. What causes it? Tennis Elbow, medically known as lateral epicondylitis is due to repeated contraction of the forearm muscles that one will …