Carbohydrate that cannot be digested by your body is known as dietary fibre. Nearly all carbohydrates can be broken down into the simplest sugar form, but fibre cannot be broken down into the simplest sugar and rather fibre move through your body undigested. Fibre has many functions such as helps to keep your body digestive system healthy and regulate body cholesterol and sugar levels.
Diseases that can be caused by low-fibre diets consist of:
- Heart-related disease
- Colon cancer
- Diverticular-related disease
- Sensitive bowel condition
Steps to increase fibre intake in your diet:
- Replace biscuits, chocolate bars and chips with fresh vegetables(e.g. carrot stick) for snack.
- Avoid drinking fruit juices, instead eat the whole fruits.
- Choose lentils, beans, and peas over meat items.
- Buy cereals for breakfast that consist of wheat, oats or barley.
- Add on an extra portion of vegetables to your dinner.
Reference: The Nutrition Source. (2020). Fiber. [online] Available at: <https://www.hsph.harvard.edu/nutritionsource/carbohydrates/fiber/>